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2018年考研英语二大作文图表描述词汇、词组及句型常用表达

来源:中公考研  发布时间:2017-11-29 13:54:29 辅导课程:魔鬼集训营  
[摘要]考研英语作文是考研英语的压轴题,自然受到考生的高度重视,为了方便考生备考,中公考研小编为大家整理了2018年考研英语二大作文图表描述词汇、词组及句型常用表达,以供考生参考。
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  以下是中公考研小编为大家准备整理的“2018年考研英语二大作文图表描述词汇、词组及句型常用表达”相关内容,希望对考生有帮助!

  图表描述词汇、词组及句型常用表达

  ■基本要素

  类型:

  table, chart, diagram/graph, column chart, pie graph

  描述:

  show, describe, illustrate, reveal, represent, can be seen from, clear, apparent

  内容:

  figure, statistic, number, percentage, proportion

  ■表示数据变化的单词或者词组 –动词

  (1) 起伏、波动

  rise and fall, fluctuate, wave, undulate, rebound, recover

  (2) 高、低点值

  peak, reach a (high) peak/point,reach the bottom, reach a low point

  (3) 增加、上升、提高

  increase, grow, rise, climb, expand, ascend, skyrocket, soar

  (4) 减少、下降

  decrease, decline, fall, drop, descend, diminish, slide, shrink, collapse

  形容词或副词

  (1)变化巨大

  迅速的,飞快的, rapid/rapidly

  戏剧性的,生动的  dramatic/dramatically

  有意义的,重大的 significant/significantly

  锐利的,明显的 sharp/sharply

  急剧升降的 steep/steeply

  (2)变化平缓

  稳固的,坚定不移的  steady/steadily

  渐进的,逐渐的 gradual/gradually

  缓慢的,不活跃的  slow/slowly

  轻微的、略微地 slight/slightly

  稳定的 stable/stably

  ■英语图表写作套句推荐

  图表的总体描述

  1.The table shows the changes in the number of……over the period from……to……

  2.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that……

  3.As can be seen from the diagram, great changes have taken place in……/ the two curves show the fluctuation of……

  4.From the table/chart/diagram/figure, we can see clearly that……or it is clear/apparent from the chart that……

  5.This is a graph which illustrates……

  6.The graph, …presented in a pie chart, shows the general trend in……

  7.This is a column chart showing……

  时间段表达方式

  1.over the period from…to…the…remained level.

  2.in the year between……and……

  3.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998……

  4.from then on/from this time onwards……

  数据变化表达方式

  表示上升趋势的句型:

  1.the number sharply went up to……

  2.the figures peaked at……in(month/year)

  3.the situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%].

  4.a increased by……

  5.a increased to……

  6.there is an upward trend in the number of……

  7. a considerable increase/decrease occurred from……to……

  8.……(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in……

  表示下降趋势的句型:

  1.the figures/situation bottomed out in……

  2.the figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough.

  3.from……to……the rate of decrease slow down.

  4.from this year on,there was a gradual decline/ reduction in the……,reaching a figure of……

  表示平稳趋势的句型:

  1.the number of……remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year).

  2.the percentage of…stayed the same between…and……

  3.the percentage remained steady at……

  表示比较的句型:

  1.the percentage of…is slightly larger/smaller than that of

  2.there is not a great deal of difference between……and……

  3.…decreased year by year while……increased steadily.

  4.there are a lot similarities/differences between……and……

  5.a has something in common with b

  6.the difference between a and b lies in……

  表示倍数的句型:

  1.the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of……

  2.a is ……times as much/many as b.


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